I don't have a ton of information to add to the text of the historical markers in today's post, but I think it's a pretty interesting look into the founding of Montgomery nonetheless. Following the end of the Creek War and the ceding of Creek lands to the U.S. government, General John Scott led the first group of settlers to buy land in Montgomery County. They established Alabama Town about two miles down the Alabama River from present-day downtown Montgomery in 1817. A few months later, a second group led by Andrew Dexter, Jr. bought another parcel of land to the east of Alabama Town. The Dexter group named their town New Philadelphia, and it immediately began outpacing Alabama Town. This prompted the Scott group to relocate closer to New Philadelphia, and start over with East Alabama Town.
Though the two towns initially saw themselves as rivals, on December 13, 1819 they merged to become Montgomery. The only lasting evidence of Montgomery's split origin is the orientation of the streets on either side of Court Square, with the New Philadelphia streets running north-south and east-west while the East Alabama Town streets run parallel or perpendicular to the Alabama River.
The first two photographs show Court Square looking north towards the former site of East Alabama Town, both in 1867 and today. After that you'll see the two sides of the City of Montgomery/Court Square historical marker, along with transcriptions of both sides. The final photos show a plaque on the ironwork of the fountain, along with a closeup of the fountain itself.